We will continue to recruit new talents using the following policies that ensure: 1）Position as professor; 2）Research grants, particularly start-up funds; 3）Laboratory and field facilities; 4） Adequate number of research assistants and graduate students; 5） Adequate salary; 6）Comfortable living standard through subsidies for housing, spouse employment and children’s schooling.
2 Training of Young Researchers
Training of young researchers is a long-term task of the Institute. Since 2011 we have increased our investment to train researchers under 35 years of age. We have chosen 30 young scientists who are advised by a team of accomplished well-known senior scientists. A special Institute Director Fund of 1–1.5 million yuan was set up to support research projects that are undertaken by this group of young scientists.
3 Graduate Student Education and Training
At present the Institute offers Ph.D. degrees in Ecology, Microbiology, Soil Science and Environmental Sciences, and master’s degrees in Ecology, Microbiology, Soil Science, Botany, Silviculture and Environmental Sciences.
3.1 Education Administration System
The Institute has made great effort to improve and perfect the graduate student education system, and over 20 new policies have been formulated. These include “Student Status Administration Policies”, “Graduate Student Degree Administration”, “Graduate Student Admission and Administration” and others. The Institute has a Graduate Student Enrollment Committee and a Degree Assessment Committee for making enrollment plans, refining education programs, assessing student requirements, screening advisors, and pre-evaluating student theses.
3.2 Training of Student Advisors
A researcher must go through standard procedures such as screening, training and routine performance checks in order to supervise graduate students. At present the Institute has 42 doctoral student supervisors, and 52 master’s student supervisors. Ninety five per cent of the supervisors hold Ph.D. degrees.
3.3 Quality Control in Graduate Education
Incoming graduate students must take a national entrance master’s student examination, or a CAS-administered Ph.D. entrance examination. The students who pass the qualification tests will have audition tests in which their quality and ability to conduct research are examined. Graduate students must present an oral defense when they begin their research, undergo a mid-term evaluation, and present a final oral defense for their thesis or dissertation. Only when they pass all these examinations will they be allowed to graduate.
Comprehensive Quality Development of Students: The Institute offers courses and seminars for graduate student training. These include “Supervisor Forum”, “Young Scholars Forum”, “High-Level Training Course”, “Northeast Asia Eco-Forum”, and “Graduate Student Academic Salon”. Through these programs the students are able to enhance their overall capabilities of knowledge acquisition and innovative thinking, scientific writing and presentation skills.
International Graduate Student Training: The Institute financially encourages graduate students to pursue further training in international organizations. Since 2007 we have supported 53 graduate students for overseas training in the USA, Canada, Germany, UK, Australia and Japan through our international cooperative programs.